What Is Debt to Income Ratio for Mortgage Loans?


The current average price of a family home is a little over £307,000. The sum may be hard to settle in one instalment, especially when paying for utilities and settling debt payments.

Having a good debt to income ratio for mortgage applications can help you keep the costs down. You will qualify for lower interest rates which will save you a lot of costs in the long run.

When applying for a mortgage, the lender must access your debt to income ratio. Most homeowners fail to understand the significance of the credit risk measure. Thus, they end up missing out on mortgages.

Having a good credit score and stable pay doesn’t cut it anymore. Let’s dive into everything you need to know about the debt to income ratio for a mortgage.

How Is DTI Calculated?

Anyone can figure out their debt to income ratio in minutes. Sum up your monthly bills and divide that by your total monthly come. This is the pay that you have before tax and other deductions.

Let’s say that your monthly income is £4000 and your total debt monthly payment is £1500. Then your debt to income ratio will be $1500/$4000, which will give you 0.375.

Multiply that figure by a hundred to give you a percentage of 37.5%. Remember that the money you spend on utilities like electricity doesn’t count as debt payment.

Front vs. Back End DTI Ratios

There are two ways in which lenders can calculate your DTI ratio. Some lenders want to know how long can you pay back the mortgage depending on your house expenses.

Therefore, instead of using your total debt payment in the original formula, factor in your house expenses. This will include your rent and house insurance payments. This method assumes that you’ll use the money for house expenditure to repay the mortgage.

Otherwise, the backend DTI ratio accounts for all your debt payments. When asking for conventional loans, lending institutions have to factor in your total loan load. Some homeowners have little house expenses but are laden with school and car loans.

Even though your front-end ratio may be low, the backend DTI ratio may be too high to ignore. To qualify for a federal housing administration loan, you will need a front-end DTI ratio of 31% and a backend ratio of 43%.

Significance of DTI Ratio

The DTI ratio is a significant credit risk measure during the mortgage application. This is because it’s an exact measure of the fraction of your income utilized. Therefore, it would be risky to lend to a mortgage applicant with a DTI ratio of about 76%.

Most lending institutions avoid giving out mortgage loans to people with a DTI of above 43%. It’s a measure that lending institutions use to protect themselves against bad debtors.

Sometimes, applicants confuse the DTI ratio with the debt to limit ratio. The latter measures how much your credit cards are maxed out. The credit utilization ratio is a reflection of how you handle your debt.

How DTI Relates to Credit Score

The fact the DTI ratio does not affect the credit score makes most homeowners neglect the credit risk measure. However, a borrower with a huge debt usually has a poor credit score and a high DTI ratio. It’s important to note that a credit score model uses different constraints.

Lending institutions will also factor in your credit score during your mortgage application. Most homeowners outsource the services of credit repair companies to fix their credit scores.

Lower Your DTI Ratio

When your backend ratio is too high, it results in a bad credit score. However, there are ways in which you can lower your DTI ratio. You can increase your income by adding another stream of income.

If you are not ready to branch out, you can outsource more work within your field. Some employers are comfortable letting you take in extra shifts.

Moreover, you can reduce your recurring debt by making extra payments. The best way is to put more amounts into smaller loans so that you can clear them first. This method will help you reduce the compound rate and the total loan load.

Apart from reducing the loan load, you must understand how you got into so much debt in the first place. Do you often buy the stuff you don’t need? Is this the reason why your credit card loan keeps on piling up?

Your answers will help you cut down on habits that lead you to more debt. Before putting in huge amounts toward debt repayment, ensure you consult with your mortgage provider. The quickest way to lower your DTI ratio may hurt your overall finances.

You’ll need to access both your private loans and business loans. Most business owners pile up debt by trading beyond their credit limits.

Using non-resource factoring in your business might be a viable solution for you. Besides protecting your business from bad debt, there are other benefits of Non Recourse Factoring.

Your financial advisor will help you calculate how much debt you need to repay so that you can at least qualify for a mortgage application. Besides, you can use a cosigner during the mortgage application.

The Ideal DTI Ratio

A good credit score is often matched with a low DTI ratio. Most lending institutions feel safest when they hand out mortgages to homeowners with a credit score of 35% and less.

Credits also accept borrowers with a backend DTI ratio of up to 43%. However, any ratio higher than that is a risk many lenders aren’t willing to take.

Debt to Income Ratio for Mortgage

Now, you realize the significance of working on your debt to income ratio for mortgage applications. Aim to reduce your DTI ratio to a favourable 35%.

Use a cosigner with a good credit score if you run out of ways to cut your DTI ratio. The best way is to cut down on habits that lead to more debt.

If you enjoyed learning from this piece, view more finance articles on this site.