CBD products are enjoying exponential popularity. Many people are trying CBD products to treat various ailments and conditions. If you consider using a CBD product, it is only natural to wonder how the body processes CBD. CBD is an abbreviation for ‘cannabidiol,’ a substance in cannabis sativa (hemp and marijuana). There are very many cannabinoids, and 113 have been discovered. Other well-known cannabinoids are THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBN (cannabinol). All these cannabinoids play a role in our endocannabinoid system. For more information about CBD, you can visit a Chicago CBD Dispensary.
CBD is non-psychoactive, and people do not experience intoxication or a “high’ feeling after using it. Even though the Food and Drug Administration does not regulate the safety and purity of CBD, it is considered safe use. The compound has been praised for providing a wide range of medical benefits. Read on to learn more about CBD processing in the human body.
The Absorption Process
CBD absorption is the process that transfers CBD from the point of administration into your bloodstream so it can be transported throughout your body for interaction with cannabinoid receptors. The process is dependent on how the CBD is administered and consumed. How CBD is absorbed affects how effective it will be.
Oral And Sublingual Absorption
This is the most common method of CBD absorption. CBD oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules or any other type of food product. When you ingest CBD, it will go through the digestive system into your stomach. The CBD enters the hepatic portal vein from the stomach, which carries it to the liver. Your liver will metabolize the CBD molecules in a first pass effect before getting into the bloodstream. Sublingual absorption is more effective than oral ingestion because it bypasses the first-pass effect in the stomach.
Smoking And Vaping Absorption
Inhaling CBD is one of the fastest absorption techniques that provide quick relief. When you use a pre-roll or CBD vape pen, the compound will be absorbed through the alveoli in your lungs. The lungs offer a large surface area for absorption, bypassing first-pass metabolism to reach the bloodstream faster. However, inhaling CBD produces effects that wear off significantly faster than other absorption methods. Inhaling is mainly recommended for patients suffering acute symptoms that need immediate relief.
A key difference is that CBD inhalation offers a faster relief than sublingual or oral absorption; the effects wear off a lot quicker. If you are suffering from acute conditions and need immediate relief, using this method of CBD absorption is excellent.
Topical CBD products are designed to provide relief for a targeted area. Your skin has cannabinoid receptors that interact with and absorb CBD when applied to the surface. When you use the topical application, CBD will not reach your bloodstream because the skin has poor permeability to prevent most substances from entering. Users of CBD topical lotions, balms, and enslaved people are advised to apply them generously for optimal effects.
The Endocannabinoid System
Our endocannabinoid system processes CBD. It is a complex system that researchers discovered in the 1990s. There is still a lot to be learned about the system’s workings and its interactions. Even though there is much to be discovered, experts have found conclusive evidence that the endocannabinoid system influences primary bodily functions like sleep, appetite, memory, and mood. Your endocannabinoid system is made up of endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. These components carry out their functions regardless of whether you use CBD or not.
The endocannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body and provide a binding surface for endocannabinoids. Enzymes break down the endocannabinoids and apply them to complement various internal bodily functions. We will need to examine the relationship between enzymes, endocannabinoids, and receptors to understand the effects of CBD.
After the CBD is consumed, the enzymes break down the cannabinoids, and the endocannabinoid binds with the receptors. Experts believe that CBD influences the receptor rather than directly attaching itself to it. People can experience many health benefits associated with CBD through activating these receptors.
There are two major types of receptors involved in the process. CB1 receptors are in the central nervous system and handle movement, coordination, appetite, pain, mood, memory, and other functions. CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral nervous system to influence inflammation and pain.
CBD has been reported to influence some non-cannabinoid receptors. It is known to modulate the 5-HT serotonin receptor used to treat psychotic disorders. It also affects the TRPV1 receptor, which manages pain and inflammation.