How Do Mortgages Work? The Basics Explained


Are you considering buying a home?

There’s nothing like building equity and having a piece of the American dream so you have a place to safely house your family. Having a home comes with responsibilities, however, and many first-time purchasers don’t know about mortgages or closing costs.

Are you confused about how do mortgages work? Don’t worry. We got you.

Here’s a breakdown of everything you should know about mortgages to be knowledgeable and successful when purchasing your dream home.

The Basics of Mortgages Explained

If you’re thinking about buying a house, you’re probably wondering how mortgages work. A mortgage is a loan that helps you finance the purchase of a house. The house is used as collateral for the loan, which means that if you don’t make your payments, the bank can take your home away from you.

Mortgages are typically paid back over 15 or 30 years. Each month, you’ll make a payment to the bank that includes interest and principal. The interest is the fee that the bank charges for lending you money, and the principal is the amount of money that you borrowed.

The size of your monthly payment will depend on the size of your loan, the interest rate, and the term of your loan. The interest rate is the percentage of your loan that you’ll pay in interest, and the term is the length of time that you have to pay back your loan.

How to Get a Mortgage

To get a mortgage, you’ll need to have good credit and a steady income. You’ll also need to be able to afford the monthly payments. If you’re not sure how much you can afford, you can use a mortgage calculator to figure it out.

The lender will also require a down payment, which is typically 20% of the purchase price of the home. Once you have been approved for a loan, you will need to make monthly mortgage payments. The amount of these payments will depend on the interest rate of your loan, as well as the term of the loan.

The Different Types of Mortgages

There are many different types of mortgages, but they all work the same basic way. Let’s look at the 2 types of mortgage options.

Fixed-rate Mortgage

The most common type of mortgage is the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage. This type of mortgage has a fixed interest rate for the entire life of the loan. The payments are also fixed, so you know exactly how much you will need to pay each month.

If you take the 15-year mortgages, they have higher monthly payments; but you will pay less interest over the life of the loan.

Adjustable-rate Mortgage

An adjustable rate mortgage, also known as an ARM, is a type of mortgage in which the interest rate is not fixed, but instead is adjusted periodically according to market conditions.

ARMs usually have a lower interest rate when you first start, but after a certain period, the interest rate can change. This means that you need to be prepared for your monthly payments to fluctuate.

Both these are also covered in the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act.

So, How Do Mortgages Work?

Mortgages are a complex financial product that can be confusing to navigate. However, understanding how they work is important for anyone looking to buy a home.

This guide provided an overview of how do mortgages work. For more detailed information, speak to a financial advisor or mortgage specialist.

And if you want to learn more finance-related topics or good reads, take time to visit our blog posts.